Heinz Mack was born in 1931 in Lollar in Hesse, Germany, and he lives and works in Mönchengladbach and Ibiza. He studied painting at the Staatliche Kunstakademie in Düsseldorf from 1950 to 1953. In 1956 he received a degree in philosophy at the University of Cologne. Following his studies, Mack applied himself intensively to abstract painting, developing by the mid-1950s his first “Dynamic Structures” in painting, drawing, plaster, and metal reliefs. He became well known for his contributions to light and kinetic art. In 1957 he founded the ZERO group with Otto Piene – and later Günther Uecker – and organized the now-famous evening exhibitions at his studio in Düsseldorf. In 1966, ZERO’s last group exhibition took place in Bonn. During the 1970s and 1980s Mack concentrated on creating monumental outdoor sculptures. Mack has been exhibiting internationally since 1959. Recent retrospectives have been held at the Ludwig Museum, Koblenz (2009); Museum Kunstpalast, Düsseldorf (2011); Bundeskunsthalle, Bonn (2011); ARNDT, Berlin (2012-13); Museum Frieder Burda, Baden Baden (2015); and Sakip Sabanci Museum, Istanbul (2016). In June 2014, Mack unveiled “The Sky Over Nine Columns,” an installation of 850,000 mosaic gold leaf tiles covering nine, seven-meters-high columns, installed on the island of San Giorgio Maggiore in Venice, and traveled to Istanbul (2015-16); Valencia (2016). The work is currently installed in St. Moritz until 15 March 2017. In October 2014, the Guggenheim Museum, New York opened a large-scale historical survey of the work of the ZERO group, showcasing a diverse selection of Mack’s work. A touring exhibition of ZERO artworks was also presented at the Martin-Gropius-Bau, Berlin and traveled to the Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (2015). The Sakip Sabanci Museum, Istanbul presented another exhibition of the ZERO group in 2015-16. Mack’s works can be found in numerous public and private collections worldwide, including the Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo; Centre Pompidou, Paris; Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington D.C; Los Angeles County Museum of Art; the Museum of Modern Art, New York; Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York; Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Berlin; Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; Tate, London; and Walker Art Center, Minneapolis. Heinz Mack has had solo exhibitions at Sperone Westwater in 2009, 2011, 2014, and 2017.